Phonological Awareness Skill Mastery

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April 26, 2021

By: Haley Hall, Learning Specialist

Phonological Awareness skills are important for children to develop as they become readers as they are the foundation of being able to decode words and read fluently. Our SLP Kelsey Coaldrake wrote this blog post (https://enrichmenttherapies.com/the-12-steps-to-phonological-awareness/) all about phonological awareness skills and the hierarchy of tasks involved in developing them. We know children develop all skills at different rates, but it is helpful to be aware of when these skills are typically mastered. Check out the chart below identifying the grade level when each phonological awareness task should be mastered. In this chart, the tasks are listed from most challenging to least challenging. If you have concerns about whether or not your child is following this suggested timeline, give us a call.

Phonological Awareness TaskExplanationExampleGrade Level Skill is Typically Mastered
Manipulation of PhonemesChanging or moving around the sounds in words to create a new word“Replace the /t/ sound in tuck with the /d/ sound.”
duck”
Second Grade
Addition of PhonemesAdding a sound to create a new word“Say nail with the /s/ sound at the beginning.”
“snail”
First Grade/Second Grade
Deletion of PhonemesRemoving a sound from a word to create a new word“Say slip without the /l/ sound.”
sip
First Grade/Second Grade
Segmentation of PhonemesBreaking apart a word into individual sounds“What sounds make up the following word: fish?”
/f/ /i/ /sh/”
First Grade
Blending of PhonemesPutting sounds together to generate a word“What word do these sounds make: /p/ /i/ /g/?”
pig
First Grade
Identification of PhonemesIdentifying the beginning, middle or ending sound in a word“What sound is at the beginning of the word soup?”
/s/
Kindergarten/First Grade
Deletion of SyllablesRemoving a syllable from a word to create a new word“Say doghouse without dog.” “houseKindergarten
Segmentation of SyllablesBreaking a word apart into syllables“How many syllables are in the word potato?”
3 – po | ta | to
Kindergarten
Blending of SyllablesCombining single syllables to generate a word“What word do these sounds make cow boy?”
cowboy
Kindergarten
Segmentation of Words in SentencesBreaking apart a sentence into words“How many words are in the following sentence: I like to eat spaghetti?”
5
Kindergarten
Production of Rhyming WordsGenerating a rhyming word when provided a word“What rhymes with cat?”
bat
Kindergarten
Discrimination of Rhyming WordsDetermining which words rhyme with each other“Does cat rhyme with hat or dog?”
hat
Preschool/kindergarten

To help improve your child’s phonological awareness skills, check out these great ideas!

Haley Hall is a learning specialist at Enrichment Therapy and Learning Center. ETLC has locations in the Iowa City, IA area and Des Moines, IA area. We provide individual speech-language therapy and tutoring as well as offer a unique group, the Language Enrichment Academic Program (LEAP). At Enrichment Therapy and Learning Center our passion is to help kids achieve effective communication skills and gain academic success. Contact us for more information on how we can help your child succeed.

info@enrichmenttherapies.com

1210 Jordan Street, Suite 2A
North Liberty, IA 52317
319-626-2553

2570 106th Street, Suite E
Urbandale, IA 50322
515-419-4270

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