Speech Sound Disorder


A speech sound disorder is any difficulty with the production of sounds in speech. Speech sound disorders can occur for various reasons, such as hearing loss, cleft lip or palate, or neurologic reasons. However, many children demonstrate speech sound disorders without the above-mentioned causes. There are three common distinctions SLPs can make between speech-sound disorders, and they are all treated in different ways. (ASHA 2022)

What Are Examples Of Speech Sound Disorders?

Articulation Disorder

An articulation disorder focuses on errors in the production of individual speech sounds.


A “lisp” due to a child having their tongue between their teeth when making a /s/ sound (‘thoup’ for “soup”)


Inability to produce sounds (saying “weef” for “leaf) because the child has difficulties lifting their tongue

Phonological Disorder

A phonological disorder occurs when a child uses patterns of sound errors. These error patterns are usually predictable, rule-based errors that affect more than one sound. Children simplify complex words with phonological processes.


If a child makes errors with a group of sounds, such as fricatives, or sounds where lots of air comes out of the mouth (e.g., /s, z, f, v/). The child’s error pattern will be similar. The child may stop the airflow (e.g., “toup” for “soup” or “pox” for “box”)

Childhood Apraxia of Speech

Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) is a neurological speech disorder characterized by motor planning errors with precise and consistent movements used in speech. Apraxia of speech causes delayed and irregular speech development. Children with CAS might:


Say the same word a different way each time


Say short words more clearly than longer words


Avoid talking due to difficulties with production

Speech language pathologist supports students with speech sound disorders

How Can ETLC Help?

We utilize evidence-based therapy approaches based on the type of speech sound disorder each child has and their specific needs. We provide direct skill-building instruction to help improve sound errors with immediate feedback and opportunities for repetition and practice. Therapists at ETLC have extensive speech production knowledge, phonologically based strategies, and specific training on motor-based approaches.

How Do I Get Started?

1. Schedule a consultation

2. Receive an individualized plan

3. Watch your child thrive

Why Choose ETLC?

At Enrichment Therapy & Learning Center, we believe every child deserves to thrive with their communication and academic skills, and we know you want that too. Our specialists are trained in many research-based programs and strategies to create a plan specific to your child and their unique learning style. Together, we can help your child feel confident and successful!